|Panoramic view of the CSUSB campus against the San Bernardino Mountains. (Amerique 2009)|
|image - CSUSB|
|image - Marcus Wallenberg Prize|
"Ceratonia siliqua is native to the eastern Mediterranean and Middle East and is commonly cultivated in California. Spanish missionaries first introduced the carob tree into Mexico and southern California. In 1856, seedlings were distributed from Spain to the southern states of the US. In 1859, more seeds were brought from Israel. Many carobs were planted as ornamentals and street trees during this time in Texas, Arizona, California, and in Florida. The trees are also used for erosion control and the pods for stock feed, human consumption, commercial thickeners, pet foods, cosmetics, and pharmaceuticals."So from that brief description we see how these Carob Trees arrived via the Spanish colonists and the uses in it's own native range. So it is logical researchers from North Africa and the Middle East would have a close vested personal interest in the cultural and economic value of this tree and potential for improved farming methods in understanding many of the natural mechanical components which can be replicated on a commercial scale. But of course I never read any of this until 2012 when it was first published. I've written about this study before, but only from the perspective of Pisolithus tinctorius mycorrhizae colonizing Date Palm (Phoenix dactylifera). (HERE)
|Image - CSUSB - Parking Lot|
|image - Global Journals Inc|
The truffles I collected at the parking area above were identical to the ones referenced here from the research article done by the scientists at University Mohamed Permier. It's just a pity it took so long to understand the truth of Carob Tree P.T. Mycorrhizal associations. When I tried explaining what I found, it was always explained away by the so-called experts. I was delusional and they were correct. Still, I would imagine the area of the CSUSB parking lot is still a hotbed of truffle collecting for those who know what to look for. So I'm apparently giving up all my former secret Pisolithus tinctorius Ectomycorrhizal truffle collecting site locations >>> (Like Here)
|Image - PlantPoints.com|
|Cal Poly San Luis Obispo|
"Carob has been neglected with respect to both cultural practices and research and development. Apart from a few classic works written by interested scientists, references on this crop are scarce. We have tried to review most of the work published over the last 100 years and make useful information available to producers, processors, students, scientists and amateurs."
Quick References to this subject of Ectomycorrhizal Truffle formation on new found 'Host Plants'
Carob tree. Ceratonia siliqua - Promoting the conservation and use of underutilized and neglected crops
ConclusionsOf course in the historical past, neither the Date Palm nor the Carob tree could ever be found in any of the approved Host Plant lists for Pisolithus tinctorius or any other Mycorrhizzas as provided by most American Mycology records. Much like ectomycorrhizal (Adenostoma fasciculatum) otherwise known as Greasewood or Chamise. Not an overly popular or respected chaparral shrub which is probably why the scientific orthodoxy has ignored it for so long. And yet knowledge of the environmental cues which can trigger an epigenetic response within Chamise to manufacture the chemical messages through the plant's root exudates to inform nearby fungul spores of mycelium like PT ectomycorrhizae to form a mutualistic bonds during periods of heavier than normal wet rainy seasons could have been a sort of restoration alert to humans to get off their backsides and get busy with restoration projects. The plethora of lost opportunities in furthering increased forest ecosystem habitat spread by means of mutual cooperation between Chamise and Pines/Oaks is now lost forever. Our present climate change and global extreme drought dilemma is a testament to the inept global leadership we are all forced to subject ourselves under. Very little is written about these interactions and beneficial phenomena. The very nature of the scientific animal is that the average person is incapable of teaching them anything. Not all scientists conduct business as usual, but their numbers are very few. While there are some who are enthusiastic about mutualisms and practical applications on a potentially commercial scale, much of their work gets shelved away or appears on few websites where small groups take a real hands on interest. If this were not true, our planet Earth would look like a much different place than it is now. Fortunately many do recognize the value of what they call citizen scientists who are nothing more than folks with a heart felt passion for the natural world around them. They have no vested interest in corporate business profits. So their helpful input is often employed in some research works. Frankly, the present scientiific orthodoxy are beginning to remind me more and more of that fictional headmistress, Miss Agatha Trunchbull of the Trunchem Hall Primary School.
We really are living in spooky End Times